Essential security steps when setting up a new phone or computer – USA TODAY

Most tech is easy enough to set up and start using. The secret Big Tech companies don’t want you to know? Some settings are great for them but not for you. Tap or click for privacy defaults you need to change.
It’s never too late to go back and change your settings or do some cleanup to get more years out of even an older gadget. Tap or click for the smartphone cleanup you need to do if yours is more than three months old.
For the new tech in your life, there are countless options. Here are a few important ones to prioritize:
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Microsoft places ads and suggested apps in the Start menu. That’s annoying, but it’s simple to turn them off:
• Click the Start menu, then open Settings.
• Choose Personalization.
• Select Start from the left pane.
• Toggle off Show suggestions occasionally in Start.
On a Mac, this quick privacy step stops companies from tracking you across websites to advertise products and services.
• Open the Safari browser. Go to Safari > Preferences > Privacy.
• Next to Website tracking, check the box for Prevent cross-site tracking.
• You can also choose to hide your IP address for extra privacy.
Get the most out of it: Malware can ravage your new computer. Here are five ways to think like a hacker, starting today.
Amazon Sidewalk is basically a mesh network that extends your Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connection range by up to a mile by using some Echo speakers and Ring gadgets into bridge devices.
That gives internet-connected tech far from your router, like lights at the edge of your driveway, a real boost. That’s nice, but what does it mean for your security?
Amazon promises the Sidewalk network uses three layers of encryption and that your neighbors won’t be able to see your data.
They might say that, but many individual smart gadgets aren’t great when it comes to cybersecurity. All it takes is one compromised device for a hacker to get into your network.
Ultimately, your tech will be connected to a network you can’t control. I suggest you opt out.
• Inside the Alexa app, tap More followed by Settings.
• Tap Account Settings, then Amazon Sidewalk.
• Turn Amazon Sidewalk off if you do not want to participate.
To get the most out of it: 5 clever ways to use your Echo and Alexa that you’ll wish you knew sooner
It’s always a good idea to poke around your settings. That way, you get a thorough picture of what you’re working with. Start with the location settings. Chances are, it’s keeping track of your every move so it can sell your secrets to advertisers.
Here’s how to turn off location settings on Apple devices:
• Open Settings and select Privacy.
• Tap Location Services and scroll down and select System Services.
Tap Significant Locations to see the logged record of where you’ve been and toggle it off. You can also clear your history by clicking Clear History.
Here’s how to change these settings on Android devices: (Note: Steps may differ depending on your Android model.)
• Open Settings and scroll down to tap Location.
• At the top, turn Use location off.
• To delete your device’s cache, tap Delete Location History at the bottom of the screen under Location History.
To get the most out of it: 7 important iPhone security settings to change right now and 5 Android phone settings that drastically improve your privacy
Security is essential, but don’t discount the importance of switching off annoying notifications. Your fun new toy will drive you up the wall if it’s dinging all day long.
You can customize notifications for each app. Turn them on or off, choose to have a sound (or not), and decide where you want notifications to appear.
My advice: If you primarily email and text through other devices, turn those notifications off altogether. It’s just more digital noise.
• Go to Settings > Notifications.
• Under Notification Style, tap an app, then set Allow Notifications to off.
To get the most out of it: Have a MacBook and an iPad? Use this trick to control both at the same time. Neat!
What’s the first thing you do after you set up a new device? Usually, you’ll connect it to your home’s wireless internet. Unfortunately, every connected device is a potential way into your network.
That’s why you should set up a guest network. You’ll protect your main network by creating a separate guest network for all your smart home gadgets and IoT devices.
Here’s how to get started:
• Open your router’s admin page and look for a section labeled Guest Network or Guest Networks.
• Enable your Guest Network and make sure SSID Broadcast is turned on.
You’ll need the device’s IP address and admin password to access your router admin page for the above steps. These may be written on the user guide for your router brand, but some sites can help you find them if you don’t have this information. Tap or click here for a list of default passwords for 548 router brands.
Once you’re in your router’s settings, whatever you do, don’t click any options that say something like: “Allow guests to see each other and access my local network.”
Is your router more than a few years old? It might be the biggest security risk in your home. Tap or click here to take my 60-second quiz to find a new model.
My popular podcast is called “Kim Komando Today.” It’s a solid 30 minutes of tech news, tips, and callers with tech questions like you from all over the country. Search for it wherever you get your podcasts. For your convenience, hit the link below for a recent episode.
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Check out my podcast “Kim Komando Today” on Apple, Google Podcasts, Spotify, or your favorite podcast player.
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Learn about all the latest technology on the Kim Komando Show, the nation’s largest weekend radio talk show. Kim takes calls and dispenses advice on today’s digital lifestyle, from smartphones and tablets to online privacy and data hacks. For her daily tips, free newsletters and more, visit her website at
The views and opinions expressed in this column are the author’s and do not necessarily reflect those of USA TODAY.


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